So what is the solution?

Freely available sunlight dwarfs all other renewable resources combined.

It’s easiest to capture and with new techniques can be stored cheaply and turned into usable energy of all kinds.

An average US home has 1,500 square feet of available roof space receiving sun for 5.5 hours each day.  The total energy available is then 766 kWh/day, or what that home uses in monthly electricity alone.  To supply average electricity, heat and cooling demand completely, the home will need 75 kWh each day.

This means that it’s roof has available 10 times what is needed.  Another way of saying this is we only need 10% efficiency to get what this home needs.

Use inexpensive mirrors in creative new ways to capture lots of sunlight.

Don’t double the price of the reflector just to get that last 1% of performance and don’t expect to use the whole space.

Use new innovations in the design of the thermal storage system.

Balance cost against performance, considering energy density, availability, maximum temperature and longevity. (Hotter translates to higher theoretical efficiency.)

Innovate around costly ways to insulate it.

Utilize new techniques to distribute heat on demand to engine.

Tap into this flow for heating other devices and external consumer demand.

Send just the needed heat only where it’s needed.

Utilize new Stirling engine innovations to produce energy.

Include features like variable output,  high efficiency regardless of output, scale-able from small to very large sizes, flexible electricity outputs from DC to AC, single to multi-phase.

Optimize for highest manufacturing automation and lowest materials cost.

Create a universal heat pipeline.

Recognize that cooling is just heat at a different temperature being moved the other way.

Create connections to pipeline for internal & external devices running both hot & cold.

Monitor heating, cooling & electrical demand.

Monitor and predict electrical grid demand.

Manage electrical generation.

Direct heat pipeline flow among attached devices.

Repeat these process steps to apply to various applications.

In addition to residential systems, these features will be applied to warehouses, factories and utility scale installations.

Our Sunlight Collectors

Options & Teaser Renderings

Self contained Dish Stirling package

Size required for average US home – 15 ft. dia.

No storage shown

Mirror array Stirling package.

Expandable to fit most premium homes – 10′ x 20′ shown

Storage shown inside BBQ chimney

Mirror arrays can be applied for full coverage of sections of rooftops.

Heliostats may be used for longer distances or to accommodate irregularities.

Larger commercial buildings may combine mirror arrays of custom size with longer distance heliostats.

Industrial processes requiring heat may feed thermal storage through roof for direct access.

Fully autonomous heliostats eliminate power and control infrastructure.

Fully automated manufacture and installation.

Least expensive and highest output arrays.

Low cost allows increased footprint utilization by overlapping heliostats.

Dual and triple use of array land, combined with domestic/wild animal tolerance for least impact.

 

15′ Dish Stirling (2014 version shown)

100 kWh Storage shown (1′ x 4′ dia.)

Multiple sizes, heights and mounting options

Fully autonomous operation

Autonomous realignment if disturbed

Eyelid self cleaning requires only annual care.

Very low cost to manufacture, install, train & maintain.

Our Storage & Energy Generation

Specification Highlights

Highest efficiency performance

No maintenance, nothing to wear out

100% recyclable

1/10th the cost of electricity batteries

Full output capacity day or night

Only 1-2% loss per day

Can be scaled to 10’s of MW (depending on application)

Zero rare resources used in manufacture

Zero emissions

Thermalogy’s proprietary Stirling engine design offers the most options for the least cost

Dynamic output from 10% to 100% load

Maximum efficiency (% of Carnot) at all loads, temps

Auto load following to generator’s requirements

Power to weight/size ratios previously unobtainable

Low cost and easy to automate manufacture

Maintenance period (pre-testing) expected to be 10 years

Scalable to MW power ranges

Zero emissions of any kind

Full suite of AC & DC generators available as application demands

Wide range of speeds and voltages possible

Options for single phase, split phase, 3-phase, synchronous or not

Heat pump based operation using heat pipes to connect multiple loads at distance

Provides cooling for Stirling engine

Provides cooling for building A/C

Provides heat for domestic needs (water heater, furnace, hot tub, pool)

Configurable for central or zoned control and for radiant or convection

Automatically moves heat based on device’s set temperature requirement

Very low loss over distances

Can it scale globally in time?

Homes using this technology immediately drop their grid electric and heating energy demand.

Each residential installation will also become a supplier of both capacity and storage to the grid.

Direct heating and heat pump style cooling becomes more energy efficient and powered onsite.

Large warehouses, factories and big box stores become major grid energy suppliers.

Data/mining centers become self powered, including higher efficiency direct cooling.

Large scale (utility) installations are more economic due to increased efficiency, reduced footprint and unprecedented storage capability.

Global energy supply can approach 60% of 2050 energy demand.

Increased economics for other renewables will increase their adoption as well.

Largest emitters such as coal, natural gas and old bio-fuel sources like wood-fired cooking, will be directly displaced first due to convenience & cost savings.

Demand for inefficient peaking power plants will fall fastest in developed regions.

Time-of-Use net metering systems will become adopted as their benefits become apparent by increased grid storage.  This accelerates all renewable energy installations.

Existing nuclear will remain economic but new plants and upgrades will not compete economically.

All centralized energy generation will become less economically viable competing with onsite dispatchable energy that includes HVAC.

Electric vehicle adoption will increase due to cheaper and more flexible, onsite energy supply.

Urban personal rapid transit systems and long distance electric transit systems will see lower energy costs.

New technologies being investigated in Aluminum smelting may turn CO2 byproduct into O2 production, completely eliminating a major GHG emission source overnight.

Resulting global emissions begin falling immediately and compound quickly.

Only the most abundant resources are used.  Over 95% of materials by weight are in the top 10 most abundant resources.

Most installations will be located on existing buildings requiring no new land footprint.

Large plant footprints are dual/triple use capable and wildlife tolerable.

Global lithium supply will increasingly be diverted away from grid batteries and can go toward more vehicle adoption.

Supply chain energy minimized by globally distributed demand pulling from distributed suppliers of abundant elements.

Manufacturing energy soon zero’d out by solar powered factories.

Installation energy minimized by local crews, community participation and online R&D/problem & resolution support.

Operating energy required is zero everywhere except the most variable sunlight regions.

Supporting infrastructure (existing grid, transport roads, resource mines) is sufficient and falls with time.  This reduces the need for more transmission lines, smart meters, etc.

Each region with 0.5 – 2 million population can support their own local factory.

Each local factory directly employs up to 250 workers.

Over 100 independently operated installation crews can be supported for each local factory.  Each crew employs an average of 7 members of various fields for a total of 700 – 1200 indirect workers.

Strong local wages multiplies local employment by 2.5 – 4 times.

Each community outreach program increases community support employment in other fields.

Total global direct and indirect employment ranges between 1 – 8 million jobs but is most likely around 4.6 million careers.

Most local employment is matched to local sales & installation needs.

Automation handles most non-logistical & non-building construction types of workload.

High level skills can be distributed to local factories as much as the local talent is capable.  Central R&D facility actively trains employees on skills, sustainable techniques and community support efforts.

Each local factory supports a full community ecosystem that includes.

  • Well paid high, medium and low skill jobs
  • A good mix of blue and white collar work
  • Knowledge of robotic technology will spread to these local regions.
  • Support businesses for higher earning customers
  • Increased commerce for community outreach projects
  • Advisory roles for community sustainability programs
  • Increased hope & local participation in problem solving

Fossil fuel related industries will continue a trend of lower economic viability and reduced market share.

Utility companies supporting renewables will see increased margins.  Those sticking to centralized control or fossil fuels will struggle.

Renewable energy industries such as wave, tidal, geothermal, wind and solar PV will see continued or stronger growth due to higher grid tolerance of their variability.

Energy efficiency vendors will be able to offer increased results to their customers.

Home automation and energy management system adoption will grow due to increased data access.

Increased HVAC configuration choices and reduced energy cost concerns will enhance home renovation activity. 

Community activity in every other local sector will be increased as more money stays local.

So many areas are not directly impacted by our initial plans but the future outlook is extremely positive as each of them have great effort being undertaken to solve their issues.  Some highlights include:

  • Personal transportation
    • More of work is being automated or telecommuting based.
    • EV car adoption is advancing nicely.
    • Autonomous vehicles promise soon to reduce need by up to 95%.
    • PRT systems can further reduce demand, energy requirements and cost by another half.
    • Mag-Lev and Hyper-Loop long distance options are gaining traction while even better alternatives are being researched.
  • Land cargo
    • Trucking will migrate to more BEV.
    • The “go local” movement will reduce transport volume.
  • Ocean cargo
    • Shipping transport volume will decrease with more local automated manufacture.
    • Ships have more options to reduce fuel use – kites, rotary sails, solar energy assist and hull fin advancements.
  • Air travel
    • Both passenger and cargo have less business related needs due to shifting activities.
    • Carbon-neutral bio-fuels are reaching commercial markets.
    • Electric planes and personal electric taxis are also going commercial.
  • Manufacturing
    • Many processes are increasingly being electrified.
    • Many remaining ones requiring heat can be supplied with thermal heat from future advancements.
    • Others can be fueled with clean hydrogen sourced by onsite electrolysis.
  • Textiles
    • Automation is optimizing manufacture and handling at lower costs.
    • New advances are being made toward personal and 3D printed clothing creation.
    • Clean dye options are growing which reduce energy, pollution & waste.
    • Craft and community sharing efforts are increasing the lifespan of materials used.
  • Farming
    • Many problematic crops are being disrupted by more wholesome substitutes for less cost.
    • Vertical farms, hydroponic and aquaponic systems are massively increasing yield per dollar and footprint.
    • Automation is optimizing output for less labor, energy, land, time, pesticides, herbicides.
  • Animal husbandry
    • Big data is optimizing specific animal needs for animal health and happiness.
    • Automation is optimizing animal management for production and lower labor and cost.
  • Forrestry
    • Many resources sourced by deforestation are being substituted by alternatives.
    • Techniques for rapid tree planting are being applied to production forests, making them more profitable.

Other areas being addressed are beyond the scope of this site.  Each of these and the others not mentioned are making great progress now but would be helped by a more abundant and cleaner energy supply chain for the planet.

Developing regions can leapfrog legacy systems.  These advances can be adopted without a grid, within micro-grids that are emerging or with a full electrical grid infrastructure.

Developed regions’ current initiatives are accelerated.  The reduced costs and added benefits will make adoption very attractive, speeding up their transition.

All regions & individual energy consumers transition simultaneously, only to the level they demand.

The total time required to global completion is dependent on slowest region.

By taking a global approach from the beginning, no regions are left behind.

It is entirely possible to completely transition away from all energy related CO2 emissions by 2035 if we want.  Without a strong desire, it will still happen by around 2055.

One remaining hurdle to overcome...

“Are we there yet?”

What has been done so far?

As of summer 2018, we have completed the functional design of a complete residential system.

We have built and tested the pieces making up each of the new subsystems.

Performance varies from more than acceptable to better than hoped for.

These designs are projected as complete for commercialization but we recognize the need to quickly solve issues at low cost.

Designs for other products and subsystems are in various stages of completion.

In-house and rapid prototyping capabilities are now needed which will massively reduce the cost of additional advancements over outsourced single-use parts.

How will it be manufactured?

We will reach global markets rapidly by distributing the manufacture to local factories.  It will take many of them so we needed to optimize the entire creation from inception to customer satisfaction.

We have completed the working plan for this, accounting for all inputs and outputs.

We begin with a central facility that’s critical to success.  It will have the following functions:

  • Use “rapid prototyping” techniques to quickly refine systems for customer readiness. Some of these systems will begin powering the facility and others will be sold under NDA contracts.

  • Optimize the manufacture process for automation.  This will produce higher volumes of sales and cash flow.

  • Optimize the manufacture of the automation equipment. This will produce customer systems in volume and ramp cash flow into positive territory.

  • Installation personnel create best practices, a training outline and requirements. Costs and supply chain requirements are included.

Remote/Local factory development begins:

  • First factory is built and automation equipment is set up.

  • Factory personnel are trained in operation.

  • Supporting installation crews are hired and trained.

  • Full experience trial runs are debugged with input from both groups plus consultant customers.

  • Logistics, supply chain and cash flow issues are identified.  This builds the playbook for future factories.

Franchise requirements, options and community interactions are identified to create a high functioning step-by-step process.

Geographic, regional and international requirements begin to populate a list of plan deviations.  These will simplify the franchise fundraising and community acceptance stages, allowing for numerous factory builds to progress simultaneously in different stages.

How will it be promoted?

The initial evaluation systems will be sold directly to customers by sales personnel curating interest through involvement in the process.

The first open-customer sales and the automation progress will be documented for future promotion.

When the automation in the central R&D facility has created a surplus inventory, “attention getting” press releases will be pursued, with progressively increased performance statistics.

As manufacturing capacity advances, periodic press releases will maintain public spotlight with a mix of new features,  performance improvements, and industry benefits.

Additional releases will progressively introduce the public to the local factory operation and benefits.

Examples of community involvement, employment and economics will drive franchise demand.

High wages and stable local employment will drive sales via local installation crews.

Word of mouth and public perception, both at all levels down to the end consumer, will divert all marketing budget into customer value.

What will it cost?

No government funding or subsidies are required in any stage.

Each customer funds & owns their system from their future energy budgets, raised by loans or investments from themselves, their community, peers or eventually from Thermalogy.

Local factories are funded by entrepreneurs desiring a high return in their local community.  These funds are raised similarly to customer systems but with a community accountability requirement.

The centralized R&D factory development has been funded by our founders until now. To continue without wasting effort, we now need skip over the high cost of manual development, going straight to rapid prototyping techniques. We need your help to do this.

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